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There are four primary types of skin cancer: Actinic Keratosis, Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Melanoma.
An actinic keratosis (AK) is a rough, dry, scaly patch or growth that forms on the skin. An AK forms when the skin is badly damaged by ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun or indoor tanning.
BCCs often look like open sores, red patches, pink growths, shiny bumps, or scars and are usually caused by a combination of cumulative and intense, occasional sun exposure.
Squamous Cell Carcinoma often look like scaly red patches, open sores, warts or elevated growths with a central depression; they may crust or bleed.
Melanomas often resemble moles; some develop from moles. The majority of melanomas are black or brown, but can also be skin-colored, pink, red, purple, blue or white.